Tips on Eczema and Acne Management
Acne Management Tips
1. What are the most non-cause acne ?
Acne is caused by the rise in hormonal levels during puberty. This leads to increase in oil or sebum production, clogging of the pores and bacterial build up. Use of products that clog pores or medications like topical or oral steroids can lead to development of acne. Underlying medical conditions that cause hormonal imbalances can also cause acne.
2.How many times can I wash my face when I have acne ?
Wash your face 2 to 3 times a day. Washing the face too many times can irritate and damage the skin’s natural barrier. This can worsen your acne.
3. Should I stop wearing makeup if I have acne?
Select your makeup carefully. Choose products that are non-comedogenic (does not clog pores) or oil free. When applying your makeup, do it gently to avoid irritating and damaging the skin.
4. Should I apply less moisturizer to let my skin breathe if I have acne?
Moisturising is still important for skin with acne. Many topical acne medications can cause skin irritation and applying moisturizer helps soothe such irritation. Choose moisturizers with light texture, oil-free and non-comedogenic.
5. Can I self-treat acne? When should I consult a dermatologist?
In mild cases, a good skincare regime and over-the- counter topical acne medications may be sufficient to control the acne.
In more severe cases, particularly when there are many inflamed red bumps and cysts, consulting a dermatologist would be advisable to better control the acne and prevent acne scarring.
6. How do I prevent acne scars?
Avoid picking and squeezing the acne bumps as this can worsen the scarring.
Seek treatment early as well-controlled acne is less likely to cause scarring.
7. Do’s and Don’ts when I have acne breakout?
- Maintain good acne skincare regimen use gentle cleansers and non-comedogenic moisturizers
- Treat acne outbreak early with appropriate medication(s).
- Avoid excessive sun exposure and use suitable sunscreens.
- Use harsh, drying products on the face.
- Use unproven home remedies as some may further aggravate acne.
- Pick and squeeze the acne.
8. How long does it usually take for my acne to clear up?
It is difficult to predict how long it takes for acne to clear up as this varies among individuals. It also depends on the severity of acne. Even with medical treatment for moderate to severe acne, it can take 4-8 weeks for the acne to clear up.
9. Does what I eat cause/trigger acne? If yes, what kind of food should I avoid?
There is increasing evidence that food with high glycemic index (GI) and diet including high dairy intake can trigger and aggravate acne. Moderating the intake of such food may help control acne.
Eczema Management Tips
1. What is eczema? What causes eczema?
The term “eczema” refers to red, dry and itchy skin rashes. There are many types of eczema, and the commonest form is atopic eczema. Both genes and external factors can cause eczema. Our skin is a barrier to the external environment and damage to this barrier is a main cause of eczema.
2. Does lifestyle and what I eat cause/trigger eczema?
Eczema prone skin is like having very “hot- tempered” skin that can be triggered by seemingly innocuous (and sometimes, unavoidable) triggers like heat, sweat, cold, getting on plane, haze, dust, a new cleanser, perfumes and stress. Triggers can vary from among individuals, and with time, most will be able to identify their list of “personalized” triggers.
3. Is moisturising the best way to manage eczema- prone skin? How about gentle cleansing?
Moisturizing is one of the key ways to manage eczema. Moisturizers play a vital role to repair and protect the damaged skin barrier. A good moisturizer must always go hand in hand with a gentle skin cleanser.
4. What is a good skincare regime for eczema-prone skin and what should I be looking out for?
Ask for a recommendation from your doctor or pharmacist. Go for a reliable brand that has invested in proper research and development of their products. Read the label and select products with minimal potential allergens or irritants. Be aware that not all “natural” or “organic” labelled products are suitable or even good for eczema.
5. What are some key ingredients in a skincare product that can help manage eczema-prone skin?
A “complete” moisturizer will have several key ingredients which includes;
- Humectants – “magnet” to attract and retain moisture (such as glycerine or filaggrin breakdown amino acids),
- Emollients – form an oily film on the skin to reduce water loss (such as paraffin or oils),
- Lipids – penetrate the skin to repair the skin lipid barrier (such as ceramides).
- pH 5.5 or below – matches our skin natural acidic pH
6. What’s the function of Filaggrin?
Filaggrin is a protein that is present in the outmost layer of our skin. It acts like a “cement” that holds our skin cells together. Filaggrin deficiency is the most important genetic risk factor in atopic eczema.